Wednesday, 14 March 2012

Why was Khilafat Movement founded? [7] (Past Paper, June 2002: Q3/b)


[Protecting the Caliph and Caliphate] The Turkish Ottoman Empire joined World War 1 on the side of Germany and suffered military defeat against the Britain and her allies. After the war was finished, UK and USA seemed determined to overthrow the Caliph and divide the empire into different territories. Protecting the Caliph was very important for the Muslims because he was the symbolic religious and political leader of all Muslims in the world. Similarly, the disintegration of caliphate would harm the concept of Muslim Ummah. So, the Khilafat Movement was launched in November 1919 by Maulana Muhammad Ali Jauhar and his brother in order to protect the caliphate from breakage and save the Caliph from being dethroned.

[Holy Places] The Ottoman Empire contained the Holy places of Arabia. The Muslims of India feared that collapse of the Caliphate could result in fall of the Holy places under the control of non-Muslims. Muslims all over the world have strong religious attachment with these places and their sanctity is of topmost priority to them. Therefore, the movement was launched to defend Turkey and the sacred places.

[British Actions] During World War I, Indians were supporting the British against Germany. When Turkish Empire joined the war on the side of Germany, Indian Muslims came in a very awkward position because it was very difficult for them to fight against their Muslim brothers. The British realized the situations and put a number of prominent Muslim leaders behind the bars, which obviously offended their feelings. Secondly, the British prime minister had given assurances that Turkey would be protected, but later on the allied powers changed their mind and decided to remove the Caliph. These actions were convincing the Indian Muslims to launch massive protests against the British Government in the shape of Khilafat Movement.

60 comments:

  1. in 7 marks question,u r advised to discuss three points in 3 para's.

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    1. thankyou because we were never told to write only three.

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    2. This is in three paras

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  2. Thankyou, that's really helpful

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    1. that's not helpful for me

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  3. iam sorry but there is rep. but still it is little helpful..:)

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  4. Please connect on skype or "Google Talk" for online discussion.

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    Replies
    1. I didn't get iy...:/

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    2. What is your email id???

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  5. thanku it is really very helpfu,....:)

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  6. Hamza can u give notes on Khilafat movement like from introduction to failure?
    and your answer is useful...:)

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  7. E-mail me the questions you want to ask. I'll answer you.

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    1. who why what are the in one question so how to attempt them its too confusing

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    2. This comment has been removed by the author.

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    3. What is your email address?

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    4. sir i want ask some questions about section 3 please will you send whole section 3 answers
      my yahoo.bkkhan2222@yahoo.com
      skype.bilalrazq96

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    5. sir i want ask some questions about section 3 please will you send whole section 3 answers
      my yahoo.bkkhan2222@yahoo.com
      skype.bilalrazq96

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  8. Hi ! I'm a grade 9 student and I need notes on the khilafat movement like from the beginning to the end. Can you please help me ? I really need help!

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  9. why did the khilafat movement failed?
    need a good ans plsssssssssssss :(

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    1. -the muslims were concerned about the fate of the khalifa rather than the w. powers or the turkish people.
      -hindus were aiming for self rule with the support of the muslims.
      -a full fledged opposition of the british
      (source history book)

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    2. Because of hindus were busy fucking

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  10. hello hamza..i found your website really helpful..i just wanted to request for more material on the latest 4 mark a part pattern that is a bit confusing cause you dont know how much detail you are required to go into..

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  11. Write at least 4 "correct" facts, but remember there is no limit on providing more information.

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    1. Is it important to read from the book

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  12. But the same question came in a 14 mark question. What do we have to write in that? There are just 3 reasons, for which only 7/14 can be given. I've written your 3 reasons but what about the 4th one?

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  13. You can expand it further: The collapse of Ottoman Empire would weaken their position in the Indian subcontinent, so just explain the political fallout.
    Ban on journals of Muslims like Comrade, Hamdard, al-Hilal, al-Balagh and Zamindar.
    Another reason that bruised Muslim feelings was the Peace Conference in France regarding Muslim countries after WW1. Lord Sinha , a Hindu, represented the India in the conference who of course could not express the feelings of Muslims.

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  14. But what about the failure of the khilafat movement?

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  15. Aint all three reasons the same? :S

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  16. I mean.. The british ha decided to split turkey.. That was the main reason for the khilafat movement. This includes the dethronig of the caliph, and the disrespect to the holy places.....

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  17. Yes of course splitting Turkey was the topmost reason. Read my comment of 4 April 2013 also, just 3 comments backward.

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  18. i cant understand the third point

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  19. i found the answer repetative!

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  20. Are there any other 7 mark questions about the kihilafat movement that could come?

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  21. Y was this movement imp

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  22. I have been following your blog and found it really helpful.
    But, I have issues with the paper pattern. Kindly explain me all three types.

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  23. Where is the Simplistic Statement? Which contain 1mark ? :)

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  24. can you plz tell the answer of khilafat movement for 14 marks?

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  25. Can you plz upload the 14 marks question of reasons for the foundation of khilafat movement

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    1. there is no 14 mark for reasons. there is a 14 mark for events or for importance. its in the past paper.

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  26. please upload 14 marks answer " why khilafat movement founded"?

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  27. This was really very helpful thankss :')

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  28. Was the protection of holy places the most important reason for khilafat movement? (14)
    I need answer for that

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  29. In the third point you mention that the british prime minister removed the khalifa which is wrong. It was kemal attaturk who replaced the caliph

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  30. I asked you to study well..
    Why you don't????

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  31. OOOh thanks it was really helpfulll buddy......Thanks a Lotttttttt........Can you answer more questions abt the olevels history.......
    My account on gmail is wasigold@gmail.com

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  32. Mistreatment of the british and russians regarding persia and afghanistan and the muslim realized that that the british policy was to engage muslims in a fear of hindus

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  33. Mistreatment of the british and russians regarding persia and afghanistan and the muslim realized that that the british policy was to engage muslims in a fear of hindus

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  34. why were the British worried by the khilafat movement?plz tell me.

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  35. Why British Want to divide turkey in parts?

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    1. because one of the British strategies was to turn the Ottoman Empire’s Arab subjects against the government. They found a ready and willing helper in the Hejaz, the western region of the Arabian Peninsula. Sharif Hussein bin Ali, the amir (governor) of Makkah entered into an agreement with the British government to revolt against the Ottomans. His reasons for allying with the foreign British against other Muslims remains uncertain. Possible reasons for his revolt were: disapproval with the Turkish nationalist objectives of the Three Pashas, a personal feud with the Ottoman government, or simply a desire for his own kingdom.

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  36. Can u please answer the following question:

    "Montague Chelmsford reforms were the most important reason for the political development from 1909 to 1919" Do you agree or disagree? give reasons to support ur answer.

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  37. This was really helpful. Can u also give notes on why did the Khilafat movement failed

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    1. As in 7 marks u write 3 reasons..
      》the failure of the hijrat movement gave a great shock to the muslims of india.The khilafat movement was not 4 the opposition to the britishbbut 4 protecting and fostering Islam.Along with the other ideas,the idea of calling India DARUL-HARB also grew a sit was ruled by the non muslims.Consequently ,Muslims about 18.000 set off 4 hijrat to Afghanistan.they thought that they would be welcomed but instead they were refused to enter in.as they returned back in misery as a sigh of failure,thus it beacame a significant cause of failure of khilafat movement.
      》the unity between muslims and hindus which seemed in the biginning of the khilafat movement ended soon.The demand of self rule was mainly from hindus whereas,muslims were more concerned about saving khilafatbat turkey.both promised to support eachother to secure the interests of each as ghandhi wanted 2 insure safety of self rule by helping in saving khilafat.Unluckily , the communal voilence of 1921-1922 like chauri chaura incident challenged this unity and gandhi withdraw.as the unity between the 2 faced a decline,therefor it caused the movement to fail.
      》British did not respond positively to the demands of the khilafat leaders that made the movement meaning less.British reaction to the protests and demand was very strickt amd it made the prominent leaders of the movement imprisoned like maulana muhammad ali johar and maulana shaukat ali.As now there was no significant leadership to lead the movement,thus it led to its failure.

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  38. thank you for the constant supply of help

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  39. This answer is really helpful ... 👌

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  40. i need the answer in which the afghanistan migration, turkish caliphate, chora chori incident, lack of leaders etc are included

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    1. Q. Hijrat movement was the most important reason for the failure of the Khilafat movement. Do you agree? Explain your answer.
      ANS. The Khilafat movement was launched in 1919 following the end of the First World War. It began to protect the Ottoman Empire from division, to preserve the holy places of the Muslims from falling under the control of the non-muslims and to preserve the seat of the Muslim khalifa and the Khilafat. Three conferences were held between 1919 and 1921 to achieve its aims.
      Throughout this time period, the Khilafat movement was a victim of various events which resulted in its failure. In August 1920, the Hijrat movment began. Some muslim scholars gave a religious decree declaring the India as Darul Harb and suggested to the Muslims to migrate to Afghanistan. An estimated 18,000 Muslims from N.W.F.P and Sindh began to migrate. They were initially accepted but later were sent back by the Afghan government. This was a bad decision which troubled the Muslims unnecessarily as they had left India after selling their property and now had to return with nothing to look forward to. This weakened Muslim faith not only towards their own Muslim brothers but the British as well. However there were other reasons which also contributed towards the failure of the movement.
      The movement was also without any proper leader. Poor leadership was also another reason which led to the failure of the movement. In the second conference in which the Muslim league and INC participated, Gandhi offered his satyagraha (non-violent & Non-co-operation) which was not accepted by Mohammed Ali Jinnah as he felt it was unconstitutional and would only create more problems because violence was bound to occur. Jinnah’s statement proved true as later violence did take place during the movement. Thus Jinnah withdrew his participation from the movement. In September 1921 the initial leaders of the movement, Ali brothers, were arrested for their rebellious speeches and revolutionary activities. Following their arrest Gandhi replaced them as leader of the movement.
      In August 1921, Moplah uprising took place which also led to the failure of the movement. Moplahs were descendants of Arab Muslims settled in India. They were low class peasants who had been mistreated by the British. The Moplahs revolted against the British and also targeted Hindu Landlords as well for collaborating with the British. This negatively impacted the Hindu-Muslim unity during the movement, ultimately resulting in its failure.
      In February 1922 another incident took place which was known as the Chaura-Chauri incident. In this communal took place and an angry mob burned down a police station. This resulted in the burning alive of 22 policemen. Due to this reason Gandhi withdrew his support from the movement on the grounds that violence had crept in which contradicted to his way of non-violence and non-cooperation. Thus the movement was now leaderless and was bound to fail sooner or later.
      In 1924 as Mustafa Kamal had been appointed as the new leader of Turkey, he abolished the Khilafat. Although the failures had kept coming, the movement still had a chance of further proceeding but this hope for the Muslims came to an end when the Khilafat was abolished.
      Although there were multiple reasons, which directly or in-directly led to the failure of the movement, however, the abolition of the khilafat was the most important reason for the failure.

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  41. THANKS BRUH YOU SAVED MY LIFE

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