Wednesday, 14 March 2012

Why was Khilafat Movement founded? [7] (Past Paper, June 2002: Q3/b)


[Protecting the Caliph and Caliphate] The Turkish Ottoman Empire joined World War 1 on the side of Germany and suffered military defeat against the Britain and her allies. After the war was finished, UK and USA seemed determined to overthrow the Caliph and divide the empire into different territories. Protecting the Caliph was very important for the Muslims because he was the symbolic religious and political leader of all Muslims in the world. Similarly, the disintegration of caliphate would harm the concept of Muslim Ummah. So, the Khilafat Movement was launched in November 1919 by Maulana Muhammad Ali Jauhar and his brother in order to protect the caliphate from breakage and save the Caliph from being dethroned.

[Holy Places] The Ottoman Empire contained the Holy places of Arabia. The Muslims of India feared that collapse of the Caliphate could result in fall of the Holy places under the control of non-Muslims. Muslims all over the world have strong religious attachment with these places and their sanctity is of topmost priority to them. Therefore, the movement was launched to defend Turkey and the sacred places.

[British Actions] During World War I, Indians were supporting the British against Germany. When Turkish Empire joined the war on the side of Germany, Indian Muslims came in a very awkward position because it was very difficult for them to fight against their Muslim brothers. The British realized the situations and put a number of prominent Muslim leaders behind the bars, which obviously offended their feelings. Secondly, the British prime minister had given assurances that Turkey would be protected, but later on the allied powers changed their mind and decided to remove the Caliph. These actions were convincing the Indian Muslims to launch massive protests against the British Government in the shape of Khilafat Movement.

37 comments:

  1. in 7 marks question,u r advised to discuss three points in 3 para's.

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    1. thankyou because we were never told to write only three.

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  2. Thankyou, that's really helpful

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  3. iam sorry but there is rep. but still it is little helpful..:)

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  4. Please connect on skype or "Google Talk" for online discussion.

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    Replies
    1. I didn't get iy...:/

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    2. What is your email id???

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  5. thanku it is really very helpfu,....:)

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  6. Hamza can u give notes on Khilafat movement like from introduction to failure?
    and your answer is useful...:)

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  7. E-mail me the questions you want to ask. I'll answer you.

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    Replies
    1. who why what are the in one question so how to attempt them its too confusing

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    2. This comment has been removed by the author.

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    3. What is your email address?

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  8. Hi ! I'm a grade 9 student and I need notes on the khilafat movement like from the beginning to the end. Can you please help me ? I really need help!

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  9. why did the khilafat movement failed?
    need a good ans plsssssssssssss :(

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    1. -the muslims were concerned about the fate of the khalifa rather than the w. powers or the turkish people.
      -hindus were aiming for self rule with the support of the muslims.
      -a full fledged opposition of the british
      (source history book)

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  10. hello hamza..i found your website really helpful..i just wanted to request for more material on the latest 4 mark a part pattern that is a bit confusing cause you dont know how much detail you are required to go into..

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  11. Write at least 4 "correct" facts, but remember there is no limit on providing more information.

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  12. But the same question came in a 14 mark question. What do we have to write in that? There are just 3 reasons, for which only 7/14 can be given. I've written your 3 reasons but what about the 4th one?

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  13. You can expand it further: The collapse of Ottoman Empire would weaken their position in the Indian subcontinent, so just explain the political fallout.
    Ban on journals of Muslims like Comrade, Hamdard, al-Hilal, al-Balagh and Zamindar.
    Another reason that bruised Muslim feelings was the Peace Conference in France regarding Muslim countries after WW1. Lord Sinha , a Hindu, represented the India in the conference who of course could not express the feelings of Muslims.

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  14. But what about the failure of the khilafat movement?

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  15. Aint all three reasons the same? :S

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  16. I mean.. The british ha decided to split turkey.. That was the main reason for the khilafat movement. This includes the dethronig of the caliph, and the disrespect to the holy places.....

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  17. Yes of course splitting Turkey was the topmost reason. Read my comment of 4 April 2013 also, just 3 comments backward.

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  18. i cant understand the third point

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  19. i found the answer repetative!

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  20. Are there any other 7 mark questions about the kihilafat movement that could come?

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  21. Y was this movement imp

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  22. I have been following your blog and found it really helpful.
    But, I have issues with the paper pattern. Kindly explain me all three types.

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  23. Where is the Simplistic Statement? Which contain 1mark ? :)

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  24. can you plz tell the answer of khilafat movement for 14 marks?

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  25. Can you plz upload the 14 marks question of reasons for the foundation of khilafat movement

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    1. there is no 14 mark for reasons. there is a 14 mark for events or for importance. its in the past paper.

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  26. please upload 14 marks answer " why khilafat movement founded"?

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  27. This was really very helpful thankss :')

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  28. Was the protection of holy places the most important reason for khilafat movement? (14)
    I need answer for that

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  29. In the third point you mention that the british prime minister removed the khalifa which is wrong. It was kemal attaturk who replaced the caliph

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